Well-known Masons

Since its earliest beginnings, Freemasonry has attracted men from all walks of life. The following list is representative only and is in no way all inclusive.

One of the first men to die at the Battle of Bunker Hill was Dr. Joseph Warren, Provincial Grand Master for America under the Scottish Constitution.

Other prominent Masons of the Revolutionary period were John Hancock, Benjamin Franklin and George Washington. Most of Washington's staff were also members. They include Baron von Steuben, General Knox, General Sullivan, Commodore John Paul Jones and many others.

Of the 39 signers of the Constitution of the United States, 13 are known to have been Masons and seven more may well have been. Those known to have Masonic affiliation are Gunning Bedford Jr., Delaware; John Blair, Virginia; David Bearley, New Jersey; Jacob Broom, Delaware; Daniel Carroll, Maryland; Jonathan Dayton, New Jersey; John Dickinson, Delaware; Benjamin Franklin, Pennsylvania; Nicholas Gilman, New Hampshire; Rufas King, Massachusetts; James McHenry, Maryland; William Paterson, New Jersey; and George Washington, Virginia. Those whose membership is questioned are William Blount, North Carolina; William Few, Georgia; John Langdon, New Hampshire; Robert Morris, Pennsylvania; George Read, Delaware; and Roger Sherman, Connecticut. .

There have been fifteen Presidents of the United States who are known to have been Masons: Washington, Monroe, Jackson, Polk, Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, Garfield, McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, Taft, Harding, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Truman, Lyndon Johnson, and Gerald Ford. Harry S. Truman was also Grand Master of Masons in Missouri, a fact of which he was very proud.

National leaders of other countries who were members of the Craft include Simon Bolivar, Benito Juarez, Bernardo O'Higgins, Pandit Nehru, John A. MacDonald, Edmund Burke and Winston Churchill.

The 3rd and 4th Dukes of Atholl, Scotland, were Grand Masters of that Grand Lodge, and many others of this line were prominent in the Craft. The present Duke, however, is not a member.

Of the men who died at the Alamo, five; James Bowie, Almaron Dickinson, Davy Crockett, William Barret Travis and James Bonham; are believed to have been Masons.

Well known writers including Walter Scott, Rudyard Kipling and Mark Twain, have been Masons. Musicians Wolfgang Amedeus Motzart, Franz Liszt, Josef Hayden; philosophers Wolfgang Goethe, Gotthold E. Lessing and Francois Voltaire were members.

Scientist Luther Burbank, labor leader Samuel Gombers and industrialists Henry Ford, Walter P. Chrysler, John Wanamaker, S.S. Kresge and J.C. Penney all belonged. Entertainers Will Rogers, Gene Autry, Danny Thomas, Ernest Borgnine and comedian Norm Crosby; all Master Masons. Norm Crosby is a Past Master of Euclid Lodge in Boston.

Military men have always been attracted to the Craft. Some well know ones since the beginning of World War II have been General George C. Marshall, Admiral Ernest J. King, General Henry Harley (Hap) Arnold, General Douglas MacArthur, General Jonathan Wainwright, General Walter Krueger, General Omar Bradley, General Mark Clark, General James H. Doolittle and General Mathew Ridgeway.

Charles A. Lindberg was a Mason as was Captain Eddie Rickenbacker

Supreme Court Justices Fred Vinson, Earl Warren, William O. Douglas, Tom C. Clark and Potter Stewart; Senators Estes Kefauver, Lever Saltonstall, J. Allen Frear, Everett M. Dirksen, Harry F. Byrd, Robert Byrd and Robert Dole; astronauts Edward E. (Buzz) Aldrin, LeRoy G. Cooper, Donn E. Eisele, John H. Glenn, Virgil I. (Gus) Grissom, James B. Irwin, Robert L. Kline, Edgar D. Mitchell, Walter M. Shirra, Thomas B. Stafford and Paul J. Weitz ‑ all Masons.

This list is long, but it does not begin to include all the famous men who were Masons, nor are the classifications inclusive. Freemasonry has and does attract men of all types and callings, including a few black sheep such as Benedict Arnold and General Santa Anna!